The manifestation of any problem related to speech or language skills may be identified by a parent or a teacher and it is wisely advised not to ignore. Such issues related to speech are generally termed as speech disorders which is characterized by problems in production of sound. On the other hand, a language disorder alludes to difficulty in comprehending words or putting them together to communicate.
Different Types of Speech Disorders
Speech disorders are of three types; articulation, fluency and resonance disorders.
- Articulation disorders; such disorders are defined as the inability to speak syllables and certain words in such a way that it is difficult for other people to understand.
- Fluency disorders; these are characterised by interrupted flow of speech such as that observed in
- Resonance disorders; characterized by troubles with pitch or quality of voice that renders it difficult for listeners to concentrate and also for the child to speak.
Speech Pathology And Its Role in Speech Disorders
A speech-language pathologist which are also known as speech therapists play an active role in treating children with such difficulty in speaking and communication. Such professionals deal with the study of development and problems in human communication.
There are various speech pathology clinics such as Box Hill Speech Pathology Clinic where a speech pathologist evaluates the speech, language, communication skills and feeding patterns in an individual to understand different types of speech problems such as articulation, fluency and receptive disorders.
When is a Speech Pathology Required?
For parents to understand when they need to meet a speech-language pathologist, it is important to observe the manifestation of following conditions in the child; hearing difficulties, cognitive delays, cleft palate, autism, breathing disorders and any kind of traumatic brain injury.
In any of these conditions, it is highly probable that the communication skills of a child maybe influenced a therapy that begins before the age of 5 tends to yield better results.